Egyptian bronze figurines shed light on ancient trade

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Recently discovered 3,000-year-old bronze figurines in Tanis, Egypt, may answer questions about international trade in ancient Egypt, a research team has found.

The study, recently published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, was led by Dr Shirly Ben-Dor Evian, curator of the Israel Museum for Egyptian Archeology, and Professor Erez Ben-Yosef of Tel Aviv University.

The four figures date back approximately 3,000 years, to a period after the collapse of great civilizations. It was the 21st Dynasty of Pharaohs, and they ruled the city of Tanis in Lower Egypt – a fraction of the size of the empire of their ancestors. It was a time of internal strife in Egypt, and there is no textual record of the time, so when their graves were discovered around 80 years ago, researchers didn’t understand why they included so many ‘imported objects.

Bronze figurines were important for the study because gold cannot be traced back to its source, but copper in bronze can.

The research team took tiny samples of the figurines and found that the Egyptian pharaohs were importing them from the southern parts of Israel and today’s Jordan, showing that despite internal conflicts, Egypt continued to grow. be important in the region.

In addition to providing knowledge about the copper mines of Timna (Israel) and Feynan (Jordan), this discovery shed light on the relationship between Egypt, biblical Israel and Edom which contributed to the prosperity of the Egypt, even at a time of instability and internal strife, refuting the hypothesis that the Bronze Age collapse was disastrous for international trade.
An exhibition and discussion on the Tanis necropolis and study results will take place on July 20, moderated by Dr Ben-Dor Evian and Professor Erez Ben-Yosef.To confirm your attendance and for more information, please contact Michal Marmary: [email protected] 054-6610602 or 08-9729114.



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